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Amendment I (Speech and Press)



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Generally Bill of Rights

Stroud's Case, 3 How. St. Tr. 235 (1629)

John Milton, Areopagitica, A Speech for Liberty of Unlicensed Printing to the Parliament of England (1644)

Thomas Gordon, Cato's Letters, no. 15, 4 Feb. 1720, Jacobson 38--44

Thomas Gordon, Cato's Letters, no. 32, 10 June 1721, Jacobson 73--80

John Trenchard, Cato's Letters, nos. 100--101, 27 Oct.--3 Nov. 1722, Jacobson 230--42

James Alexander, A Brief Narrative of the Case and Trial of John Peter Zenger, 1735 (S. Katz ed., 1963)

King v. Almon, 97 Eng. Rep. 94 (K.B. 1765)

Continental Congress to the Inhabitants of Quebec, 26 Oct. 1774, Journals 1:105--13

John Adams, Novanglus, no. 3, 6 Feb. 1775, Papers 2:243--47

Delaware Declaration of Rights and Fundamental Rules, 11 Sept. 1776, Sources 340

Maryland Constitution of 1776, Declaration of Rights, art. 38, Thorpe 3:1690

North Carolina Constitution of 1776, Declaration of Rights, art. 15, Thorpe 5:2788

Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776, Declaration of Rights, art. 12, Thorpe 5:3083

Vermont Constitution of 1777, ch. 1, art. 14, Thorpe 6:3741

South Carolina Constitution of 1778, art. 43, Thorpe 6:3257

Massachusetts Declaration of Rights, 1780, pt. 1, art. 16, Handlin 446

New Hampshire Constitution of 1784, pt. 1, art. 22, Thorpe 4:2456

Vermont Constitution of 1786, ch. 1, art. 15, Thorpe 6:3753

Federal Farmer, no. 4, 12 Oct. 1787, Storing 2.8.56

James Wilson, An Address to a Meeting of the Citizens of Philadelphia, 1787, Pamphlets 155--57

A Democratic Federalist, 17 Oct. 1787, Storing 3.5.3--4

James Wilson, Pennsylvania Ratifying Convention, 1 Dec. 1787, Elliot 2:448--49, 449--50

Noah Webster, Address to the Dissenting Members of the Late Convention of Pennsylvania, Dec. 1787, Collection 144--46

Pennsylvania Ratifying Convention Minority, Proposed Amendment, 12 Dec. 1787, Dumbauld 174

Alexander Contee Hanson, Aristides, Remarks, 1788, Pamphlets 256

James Iredell, Marcus, Answers to Mr. Mason's Objections to the New Constitution, 1788, Pamphlets 356, 360--61

Hugh Williamson, Remarks on the New Plan of Government, 1788, Essays 395--406

James Monroe, Observations on the Proposed Plan of Government, 1788, Writings 1:394--95

Elbridge Gerry, Observations on the New Constitution and the Federal and State Conventions, 1788, Pamphlets 9

John Jay, Address to the People of New York on the Constitution, 1788, Correspondence 3:305

Debate in South Carolina Ratifying Convention, 18 Jan. 1788, Elliot 4:314, 315--16

Luther Martin, Letter no. 4, 21 Mar. 1788, Essays 365

Proposed Amendment, Maryland Ratifying Convention Committee, 29 Apr. 1788, Dumbauld 178

Debate in Virginia Ratifying Convention, 10, 16--17 June 1788, Elliot 3:246--47, 449, 469

Proposed Amendment, Virginia Ratifying Convention, 27 June 1788, Dumbauld 185

North Carolina Ratifying Convention, Proposed Amendment, 1 Aug. 1788, Dumbauld 201

House of Representatives, Debates of the House, 26 Sept. 1789, Annals 1:917--20

Georgia Constitution of 1789, art. 4, sec. 3, Thorpe 2:1789

Pennsylvania Constitution of 1790, art. 9, sec. 7, Thorpe 5:3100

House of Representatives, Government Support of Newspapers, 14 Apr., 9 Dec. 1790, Annals 2:1528--29, 1789--90

James Wilson, Lectures on Law, 1791, Works 2:647--52

Delaware Constitution of 1792, art. 1, sec. 5, Thorpe 1:569

Kentucky Constitution of 1792, art. 12, secs. 7, 8, Thorpe 3:1274

Vermont Constitution of 1793, ch. 1, art. 13, Thorpe 6:3763

William Bradford, Libellous Publications, 17 Sept. 1794, 1 Ops. Atty. Gen. 52

Tennessee Constitution of 1796, art. 1, sec. 19, Thorpe 6:3428

Charles Lee, Libellous Publications, 27 July 1797, 1 Ops. Atty. Gen. 71, 74

Georgia Constitution of 1798, art. 4, sec. 5, Thorpe 2:800

House of Representatives, Seditious Practices, 16 June 1798, Annals 8:1954--71

House of Representatives, Punishment of Crime, 5, 6, 10 July 1798, Annals 8:2093--2113, 2115--16, 2139--71

Charge of Chief Justice Thomas McKean of Pennsylvania to the Grand Jury, Sept. 1798, Addison R. 270--89

Trial of Matthew Lyon, 7 Oct. 1798, State Trials 333

The Sedition Act, 1 Stat. 596--97 (1798)

Responses of Delaware, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New York, Connecticut, New Hampshire and Vermont Legislatures to Virginia Resolutions of 1798, Elliot 4:532--37

House of Representatives, Alien and Sedition Laws, 25 Feb. 1799, Annals 9:2985--3014, 3016

William Pitt, House of Commons, Hansard (1st ser.) 34:987 (1799)

James Iredell, Charge to the Grand Jury, 9 Fed. Cas. 826, no. 5, 126 (C.C.D.Pa. 1799)

Kentucky Constitution of 1799, art. 10, sec. 7, Thorpe 3:1289

An Act for the Punishment of Certain Crimes, 1 Stat. 613 (1799)

Trial of David Frothingham, 1799, State Trials 649

Trial of Anthony Haswell, 1800, State Trials 684

Trial of James Thompson Callender, 1800, State Trials 688

Tunis Wortman, A Treatise concerning Political Enquiry (1800)

House of Representatives, The Sedition Law, 23 Jan. 1800, 21--23 Jan. 1801, Annals 10:404--19, 420--23, 424--25, 916--40, 946--58, 960--75

United States v. Duane, 25 Fed. Cas. 920, no. 14,997 (C.C.D.Pa. 1801)

Hollingsworth v. Duane, 12 Fed. Cas. 359, no. 6,619 (C.C.D.Pa. 1801)

Thomas Jefferson to Levi Lincoln, 24 Mar. 1802, Works 9:357--58

Ohio Constitution of 1802, art. 8, sec. 6, Thorpe 5:2910

Thomas Jefferson to Thomas McKean, 19 Feb. 1803, Works 9:451--52

Thomas Jefferson to John Tyler, 28 June 1804, Writings 11:32--34

Thomas Jefferson to Abigail Adams, 22 July 1804, Writings 11:43--44

Thomas Jefferson to Abigail Adams, 11 Sept. 1804, Writings 11:51--52

Thomas Jefferson, Second Inaugural Address, 4 Mar. 1805, Richardson 1:381

Thomas Jefferson to Thomas Seymour, 11 Feb. 1807, Works 10:367--69

Commonwealth v. Clap, 4 Mass. 163 (1808)

Thorn v. Blanchard, 5 Johns. R. 508 (N.Y. 1809)

Commonwealth v. Duane, 1 Binney 601 (Pa. 1809)

Thomas v. Croswell, 7 Johns. R. 264 (N.Y. 1810)

Louisiana Constitution of 1812, art. 6, sec. 21, Thorpe 3:1390

Thomas Jefferson to Walter Jones, 2 Jan. 1814, Writings 14:46

Gray v. Pentland, 2 Serg. & Rawle 23 (Pa. 1815)

Indiana Constitution of 1816, art. 1, secs. 9, 10, Thorpe 2:1058

Mississippi Constitution of 1817, art. 1, secs. 6--8, Thorpe 2:2033

Connecticut Constitution of 1818, art. 1, sec. 5, Thorpe 1:537

Illinois Constitution of 1818, secs. 22, 23, Thorpe 2:983

Alabama Constitution of 1819, art. 1, sec. 8, art. 6, sec. 14, Thorpe 1:97, 109

Maine Constitution of 1819, art. 1, sec. 4, Thorpe 3:1647

Missouri Constitution of 1820, art. 13, sec. 16, Thorpe 4:2164

New York Constitution of 1821, art. 7, sec. 8, Thorpe 5:2648

Thomas Jefferson to A. Coray, 31 Oct. 1823, Writings 15:489

William Rawle, A View of the Constitution of the United States 123--24 (2d ed. 1829)

Mississippi Constitution of 1832, art. 1, secs. 6--8, Thorpe 4:2049

A. J. Stansbury, Report of the Trial of James H. Peck 49--52, 85--92, 102--4, 298--99, 447--49, 475, 479--80, 573 (1833)

Arnold v. Clifford, 1 Fed. Cas. 1177, no. 555 (C.C.D.R.I. 1835)

Michigan Constitution of 1835, art. 1, sec. 7, Thorpe 4:1931

Senate, Debate on Incendiary Publications Bill, and Senate Report Thereon, 4, 9 Feb., 11, 12 Apr., 8 June 1836, Debates 12:1126, 1128--32, 1146--48, 1721--22, 1731--32; 12:App. 72--74


The Founders' Constitution
Volume 5, Amendment I (Speech and Press), Introduction
http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/documents/amendI_speechs34.html
The University of Chicago Press

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