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Amendment VIII



Document 17

State v. Howell

R. M. Charlton 120 Ga. 1821

The prisoner being brought up by the writ of habeas corpus, D'Lyon moved for his discharge, upon the ground:

1st. That the offence charged was committed, if committed at all, in the State of South Carolina--and that therefore, the prisoner could not be detained, but upon the requisition of the Governor of that State for the prisoner, as a fugitive from justice--and if this objection was overruled, then that the prisoner was entitled to be bailed--to answer to any offence charged to have been committed in the State of Georgia.

On the first ground, I am of the opinion, that a person charged with a felony in another state, and fleeing to this, may upon a principle of comity, which obtains in such cases between sovereign States, be detained for a reasonable period, for the purpose of affording time for an application to the Governor of the State, where the felony is charged to have been committed, to make the demand as stated in the Constitution. Not only the morality and reasonableness of the thing, as involved in the general principle of comity, but the cases referred to by the States' counsel, support the opinion.

2d. As to the application for bail: the prisoner is charged with having in his possession a counterfeit Bank Bill, with an intention to pass the same in this State. By the 53d Sect. of the 6th Division of the penal code of this State, that offence is punished by imprisonment at hard labor, for any period of time not exceeding fifteen years. In this high grade of felony, whether the prisoner shall be bailed or not, rests in the sound discretion of the Court. The positiveness of the affidavit in this case, and there being no extrinsic circumstances in favor of the prisoner, will not permit me to accede to this branch of the motion, particularly as the proximity of the session of the Superior Court, excludes the idea of any hardship or rigour, in continuing the imprisonment.

It is ordered, that the prisoner be remanded and detained in custody, to answer to such bill of indictment as may be preferred against him, at the next Superior Court.


The Founders' Constitution
Volume 5, Amendment VIII, Document 17
http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/documents/amendVIIIs17.html
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