CHAPTER 14|Document 31
Federal Farmer, no. 625 Dec. 1787Storing 2.8.86
The following, I think, will be allowed to be unalienable or fundamental rights in the United States:--
No man, demeaning himself peaceably, shall be molested on account of his religion or mode of worship--The people have a right to hold and enjoy their property according to known standing laws, and which cannot be taken from them without their consent, or the consent of their representatives; and whenever taken in the pressing urgencies of government, they are to receive a reasonable compensation for it--Individual security consists in having free recourse to the laws--The people are subject to no laws or taxes not assented to by their representatives constitutionally assembled--They are at all times intitled to the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus, the trial by jury in criminal and civil causes--They have a right, when charged, to a speedy trial in the vicinage; to be heard by themselves or counsel, not to be compelled to furnish evidence against themselves, to have witnesses face to face, and to confront their adversaries before the judge--No man is held to answer a crime charged upon him till it be substantially described to him; and he is subject to no unreasonable searches or seizures of his person, papers or effects--The people have a right to assemble in an orderly manner, and petition the government for a redress of wrongs--The freedom of the press ought not to be restrained--No emoluments, except for actual service--No hereditary honors, or orders of nobility, ought to be allowed--The military ought to be subordinate to the civil authority, and no soldier be quartered on the citizens without their consent--The militia ought always to be armed and disciplined, and the usual defence of the country--The supreme power is in the people, and power delegated ought to return to them at stated periods, and frequently--The legislative, executive, and judicial powers, ought always to be kept distinct--others perhaps might be added.
Storing, Herbert J., ed. The Complete Anti-Federalist. 7 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981.
© 1987 by The University of Chicago