Article 6, Clause 1

All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution as under the Confederation.

1.Articles of Confederation, art. 12, 1 Mar. 1781
2.Records of the Federal Convention
3.James Madison, Federalist, no. 43, 295--96, 23 Jan. 1788
4.Elbridge Gerry, Public Credit, House of Representatives, 25 Feb. 1790
5.Alexander Hamilton to Edward Carrington, 26 May 1792