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Amendment IX

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

1.William Blackstone, Commentaries 1:120--41, 1765
2.Massachusetts House of Representatives, Circular Letter to the Colonial Legislatures, 11 Feb. 1768
3.Samuel Adams, The Rights of the Colonists, 20 Nov. 1772
4.Continental Congress, Declaration and Resolves, 14 Oct. 1774
5."John DeWitt," NO. 2, Oct. 1787
6.Federal Farmer, no. 16, 20 Jan. 1788
7.James Madison, House of Representatives, 8 June 1789
8.House of Representatives, Amendments to the Constitution, 17 Aug. 1789
9.Joseph Story, Commentaries on the Constitution 3:§ 1898, 1833

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