Amendment VII

In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

1.Giles Duncombe, Tryals per Pais, 1665
2.William Blackstone, Commentaries, 3:349--67, 370--81, 383--85, 1768
3.Virginia Declaration of Rights, sec. 11, 12 June 1776
4.Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776, SEC. 25
5.New Jersey Constitution of 1776, ART. 22
6.Georgia Constitution of 1777, ARTS. 40--43
7.Federal Farmer, no. 4, 12 Oct. 1787
8.A Democratic Federalist, 17 Oct. 1787
9.Debate in Pennsylvania Ratifying Convention, 7, 11 Dec. 1787
10.James Iredell, Marcus, Answers to Mr. Mason's Objections to the New Constitution, 1788
11.Federal Farmer, no. 16, 20 Jan. 1788
12.Alexander Hamilton, Federalist, no. 83, 558--74, 28 May 1788
13.Thomas Jefferson to the Abbé Arnoux, 19 July 1789
14.Georgia v. Brailsford
15.Reason v. Bridges
16.Mima Queen v. Hepburn
17.Bank of Columbia v. Okely
18.United States v. Rose
19.United States v. Rathbone