Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18
John Lansing, Proposed Amendment, New York Ratifying Convention2 July 1788Elliot 2:406
Respecting the power to make all laws necessary for the carrying the Constitution into execution,--
"Provided, That no power shall be exercised by Congress, but such as is expressly given by this Constitution; and all others, not expressly given, shall be reserved to the respective states, to be by them exercised."
Moved by Mr. Lansing.
The Founders' Constitution
Volume 3, Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18, Document 8
The University of Chicago Press
Elliot, Jonathan, ed. The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution as Recommended by the General Convention at Philadelphia in 1787. . . . 5 vols. 2d ed. 1888. Reprint. New York: Burt Franklin, n.d.
Easy to print version.