Article 4, Section 2, Clause 1

The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.

1.Connecticut Constitutional Ordinance of 1776, SEC. 3
2.North Carolina Constitution of 1776, ART. 40
3.Vermont Constitution of 1777, CH. 1, ART. 17
4.Thomas Jefferson, A Bill Declaring Who Shall Be Deemed Citizens of This Commonwealth, May 1779
5.Articles of Confederation, art. 4, 1 Mar. 1781
6.Records of the Federal Convention
7.Bayard v. Singleton
8.Apthorp v. Backus
9.James Wilson, Of Man, as a Member of a Confederation, Lectures on Law, 1791
10.Campbell v. Morris
11.St. George Tucker, Blackstone's Commentaries 1:App. 365, 1803
12.Gardner v. Ward, in Kilham v. Ward
13.Ainslee v. Martin
14.William Eustis, Admission of Missouri, House of Representatives, 12 Dec. 1820
15.Charles Pinckney, Admission of Missouri, House of Representatives, 13 Feb. 1821
16.William Wirt, Rights of Free Negroes in Virginia, 7 Nov. 1821
17.Douglass v. Stephens
18.Corfield v. Coryell
19.Hall v. Williams
20.Joseph Story, Commentaries on the Constitution 3:§§ 1799--1800, 1833
21.Crandall v. State