Article 6, Clause 2

This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.

1.Articles of Confederation, art. 13, 1 Mar. 1781
2.Continental Congress, 21 Mar. 1787
3.John Jay, Continental Congress, 13 Apr. 1787
4.Alexander Hamilton, Remarks on Act Repealing Laws Inconsistent with Treaty of Peace, New York Assembly, 17 Apr. 1787
5.Records of the Federal Convention
6.Charles Pinckney, Observations on the Plan of Government, 1787
7.Edmund Randolph, Suggestions for the Conciliation of the Small States, 10 July 1787
8.James McClurg to James Madison, 22 Aug. 1787
9.Federal Farmer, no. 4, 12 Oct. 1787
10.An Old Whig, no. 2, Fall 1787
11.James Madison to Thomas Jefferson, 24 Oct. 1787
12.Alexander Hamilton, Federalist, no. 15, 90--98, 1 Dec. 1787
13.Alexander Hamilton, Federalist, no. 27, 171--75, 25 Dec. 1787
14.Alexander Hamilton, Federalist, no. 33, 207--8, 2 Jan. 1788
15.Debate in South Carolina House of Representatives, 16--17 Jan. 1788
16.James Madison, Federalist, no. 44, 306, 25 Jan. 1788
17.Impartial Examiner, no. 1, 20 Feb. 1788
18.George Mason, Virginia Ratifying Convention, 11 June 1788
19.Debate in North Carolina Ratifying Convention, 29--30 July 1788
20.James Madison to Edmund Pendleton, 2 Jan. 1791
21.Ware v. Hylton
22.Kentucky Resolutions, 10 Nov. 1798 14 Nov. 1799
23.James Madison, Virginia Resolutions, 21 Dec. 1798
24.John Marshall, Report of the Minority on the Virginia Resolutions, 22 Jan. 1799
25.United States v. Robins
26.James Madison, Report on the Virginia Resolutions, Jan. 1800
27.United States v. Schooner Peggy
28.St. George Tucker, Blackstone's Commentaries 1:App. 369--70, 1803
29.John Breckenridge, Municipal Authority to Impose Taxes, 28 Apr. 1806
30.Harrison v. Sterry
31.McKim v. Voorhies
32.Fairfax's Devisee v. Hunter's Lessee
33.United States v. Hart
34.McCulloch v. Maryland
35.Cohens v. Virginia
36.United States v. Hoar
37.James Madison to Thomas Jefferson, 27 June 1823
38.William Wirt, Right to Tax Government Property, 8 Sept. 1823
39.Gibbons v. Ogden
40.American Insurance Co. v. Canter
41.Andrew Jackson, Veto Message, 10 July 1832
42.Joseph Story, Commentaries on the Constitution 3:§§ 1831--33, 1835--36, 1833
43.James Madison, Notes on Nullification 1835--36