Amendment VIII

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

1.Case of Titus Oates
2.Bill of Rights, sec. 10, 2, 16 Dec. 1689
3.Montesquieu, Spirit of Laws, bk. 6, CHS. 12, 16, 1748
4.William Blackstone, Commentaries 4:293--97, 369--74, 1769
5.Virginia Declaration of Rights, sec. 9, 12 June 1776
6.Connecticut Constitutional Ordinance, 1776
7.Delaware Declaration of Rights and Fundamental Rules, 11 Sept. 1776
8.Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776, SECS. 29, 38, 39
9.Thomas Jefferson to Edmund Pendleton, 26 Aug. 1776
10.Thomas Jefferson, A Bill for Proportioning Crimes and Punishments, 1778
11.James Iredell, Marcus, Answers to Mr. Mason's Objections to the New Constitution, 1788
12.Abraham Holmes, Massachusetts Ratifying Convention, 30 Jan. 1788
13.Debate in Virginia Ratifying Convention, 16 June 1788
14.House of Representatives, Amendments to the Constitution, 17 Aug. 1789
15.James Wilson, A Charge Delivered to the Grand Jury, May 1791
16.Benjamin Rush, On Punishing Murder by Death, 1792
17.State v. Howell
18.Barker v. People
19.James v. Commonwealth
20.Commonwealth v. Wyatt
21.William Rawle, A View of the Constitution of the United States 130--32 1829 (2d ed.)