Turn -ion words into verbs when you can.
the following passages by changing all but one or two of the -ion
words. Do any -ion words need to stay?
- An interested party may make an application for
a modification or revocation of an antidumping order (or termination of a
suspension agreement) in conjunction with an annual administrative review. A
revocation application will normally receive no consideration by the board
unless there have been no sales at less than fair value for a period of at
least three consecutive years.
- In analyzing the ADA claim, the court noted that the decedent's
termination and the reduction in AIDS benefits by the company occurred before
the ADA became effective. Plaintiff nonetheless made the allegation that
maintaining the limitation on AIDS benefits beyond the effective date of the
ADA--in effect discrimination between plan members with AIDS and members
without AIDS--constituted a violation of the general rule of Title I.
- The determination that reasonable grounds exist for the revocation
of parole should first be made by someone directly involved in the case. Yet we
need make no assumptions in arriving at the conclusion that this preliminary
evaluation, and any recommendations resulting therefrom, should be in the hands
of someone not directly involved.
the following sentences to reduce the number of words ending in -ion:
In the event of termination of this Agreement by Sponsor before expiration of
the project period, Sponsor must pay all costs that the University has accrued
as of the date of termination.
The federal district courts have discretion over supervision of the discovery
process, the imposition of sanctions for discovery violations, and evidentiary
Although compliance with the terms of the Act should provide Hince some
protection from state or local actions, the actual degree of protection remains
uncertain because of the absence of any prior judicial interpretation of the
Any violation of the terms of probation established by the Board will result in
revocation of VanTech's authority to conduct itself as a public-utility
addition, the imposition of punitive damages here would be a violation of the
constitutional provision containing the prohibition of ex post facto
a paragraph in published legal writing with at least three -ion
words that need editing. Retype the paragraph, with its citation, and then type
your own revised passage below it. If you're a member of a writing group or
class, bring a copy of your page for each colleague, and be prepared to discuss
the literature on effective writing for additional support for eliminating -ion
words. What are the various terms that writing authorities use for these words?
- Exercise -
© 2001, Bryan A. Garner
These exercises appear in Bryan A. Garner's Legal Writing in Plain English: A Text with
Exercises, published by The University of Chicago Press and available at bookstores and
on the Web at www.press.uchicago.edu.