Avoid doublets and triplets.
the following sentences to eliminate the redundancies without changing the
- Licensee will perform the work in compliance
with all applicable laws, rules, statutes, ordinances, and codes.
- While the witness's truthfulness and veracity may be inquired into
on cross-examination, it cannot be further challenged by the introduction of
extrinsic evidence relating to matters not already in the record.
- If the bailee fails, refrains, or refuses to perform any obligation
under this agreement, the bailor may, at its option, perform the obligation of
the bailee and charge to, bill, or otherwise recover from the bailee the cost
of this performance.
- Seller must cooperate with and assist Buyer in this process, without
bearing the costs or expenses associated therewith.
two examples of doublets or triplets in your apartment lease, mortgage,
car-loan agreement, or other personal contract. Suggest a revision that
eliminates the redundancy without (in your opinion) changing the meaning. If
you're part of a writing group or class, bring a copy of the before-and-after
versions for each colleague.
the literature on legal language, find at least three discussions of the origin
and modern use of doublets and triplets. Write a short essay (1,000 to 1,500
words) reporting your findings.
- Exercise -