Amendment I (Petition and Assembly)

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

1.Magna Carta, c. 61, 1215
2.William Lambarde, Eirenarcha 175--76 1614 ed.
3.Petition of Right, 1, 7 June 1628
4.The Tumultuous Petition Act 13 Chas. 2, st. 1, c. 5 (1661)
5.Resolution of the House of Commons, 1669
6.Trial of the Seven Bishops for Publishing a Libel
7.John Locke, A Letter concerning Toleration, 1689
8.Bill of Rights, secs. 5, 13, 2, 16 Dec. 1689
9.Stamp Act Congress, Declaration of Rights, sec. 13, 19 Oct. 1765
10.William Blackstone, Commentaries 1:138--39, 1765
11.William Blackstone, Commentaries 4:146--47, 1769
12.Thomas Jefferson, Instructions in the Virginia Convention to the Delegates to Congress, Aug. 1774
13.Continental Congress, Declaration and Resolves, 14 Oct. 1774
14.Declaration of Independence, 4 July 1776
15.Massachusetts Constitution of 1780, PT. 1, ART. 19
16.Maryland Ratifying Convention, Proposed Amendment, 29 Apr. 1788
17.House of Representatives, Amendments to the Constitution, 15 Aug. 1789
18.Pennsylvania v. Morrison
19.St. George Tucker, Blackstone's Commentaries 1:App. 299--300, 1803
20.William Rawle, A View of the Constitution of the United States 124 1829 (2d ed.)
21.Joseph Story, Commentaries on the Constitution 3:§§ 1887--88, 1833
22.Senate, Reception of Abolition Petitions, 1836